Arizona was organized as a separate territory in 1863. The state's capital was moved four times between 1865 - 1889. The first capital was at Fort Whipple in Prescott. In 1867 the capital was moved to Tucson. Ten years later, it was moved back to Prescott and then in 1889, the capital moved to Phoenix where it has remained.
On February 14, 1912, Arizona became a state. Arizona was the 48th and last territory to achieve statehood of the contiguous states.